Stairs to the second floor on a metal frame: beauty, elegance, ease of installation
Stairs to the second floor on a metal frame are becoming increasingly popular with owners of two-storey cottages. Thanks to the achievements of modern technologies and the development of design solutions, such structures are able to combine various materials. In most cases, these are combinations of wood and metal. But increasingly, glass and tile, granite and stone get along in the configuration of stairs on a metal frame. The possibility of combining a variety of materials in such stair structures is limitless. Stairs look creative and at the same time have all the qualities necessary for safe ascent and descent on them.
- 1 Stairs to the second floor on a metal frame: advantages of structures
- 2 Types of metal stairs to the second floor. Photos of models of various designs
- 3 Types of metal frame structures for stairs
- 4 Forms of handrails for stairs made of metal. Photo-examples of handrails and railings
- 5 Handrails for stairs made of metal with your own hands
- 6 Making stairs from a profile pipe to the second floor with your own hands
- 6.1 Cutting of workpieces
- 6.2 Mounting of load-bearing supports
- 6.3 Blanks for steps
- 6.4 Processing of the metal frame
Stairs to the second floor on a metal frame: advantages of structures
The relevance of stairs to the second floor on a metal frame is explained by the high strength and the ability to combine a wide variety of materials. The construction on a metal frame is the second highest rated use in private homes and cottages after wooden staircase systems.
The main advantages of stairs on a metal frame include:
- relatively simple manufacturing process;
- reliability and functionality of the staircase system – properly designed stairs can withstand quite significant loads;
- the strength of the nodes during welding of the bearing elements;
- the ability to use various types of metal: pipes, reinforcing steel, channels, I-beams, corners and others;
- the ability to combine materials and form a variety of staircase designs;
- absence of creaks during operation, durability of systems;
- the possibility of manufacturing simple structures of metal stairs to the second floor with your own hands.
The variety of shapes and models convincingly demonstrates the photo of stairs on metal frames.
Independent production of stairs on a metal frame is possible if the design is simple and there are skills to work with a welding machine and metal.
Types of metal stairs to the second floor. Photos of models of various designs
Stairs to the second floor made of metal (photos of various models are simply unique) can be straight and curved, spiral and elliptical. Depending on the coating, they can be glossy, matte, gilded, etc. The variety of shapes and combinations of materials allow them to be used in various design styles.
According to the method of application, configuration and other various parameters, they are divided into types:
- External (auxiliary) — such structures include stairs to the attic, fire ladders, ladders, stairs for basements, swimming pools, as well as ladder systems connecting two floors from the outside of the house.
- Internal — staircase structures installed permanently inside the room and connecting different levels of the room. Such stairs are rightfully the central element of the decor of the room.
According to the method of manufacture, welded and forged ladder systems are distinguished. Self-manufacturing of metal stairs to the second floor in a private house by welding is a relatively easy way. The disadvantage of this method is that welding is considered rough work, and the resulting product may not have a completely aesthetic appearance. However, many craftsmen beat the welding places, giving them decorative effect.
Forged ladders are made by forging metal. Not everyone can make such stairs. But even if the design has only forged railings for the stairs (the photo confirms this), this is enough to give it a unique elegant look.
According to the device, metal stairs are solid (fixed) and prefabricated. Solid structures are installed permanently from sections connected to each other. Collapsible ladders have a set of set parts and elements. Independent installation of such stairs is quite a feasible process.
Types of metal frame structures for stairs
According to the design of the metal frame of the stairs , they are classified:
- marching structures — consist of one or more marches. Depending on the location of the room, the marches can be straight and turning. In turn, stairs with a turn are with the connection of marches through the site or with the use of rotary (running, radius) steps. For self-manufacturing, a more acceptable option is a staircase with a platform. It is quite difficult to equip a metal staircase to the second floor with a 90 and 180 degree turn with your own hands. This will require precise design and precise calculation. However, such systems look spectacular and significantly save space;
- spiral staircase systems. These stairs differ in that the steps are arranged in a circle, due to the fact that one end of the step is wider than the second. The supporting element is a pillar or column, around which the steps are mounted. Their advantage is that with the same length of the stage, they take up much less space in comparison with their marching counterparts. The manufacture of spiral staircases made of metal with their own hands (their drawings and diagrams are complex) is a rather laborious process in technical terms, requiring the necessary stock of knowledge and experience.
The supporting frame made of metal can be executed in several versions:
Oblique bearing frame. With this method of arrangement, the frame is a kind of support for the stairs. Such a ladder system is characterized by strength and reliability. The number of support ropes depends on the design of the ladder and the expected load.
Useful advice! If the length of the stairs is large enough, frame structures containing two slanting beams are used.
Bowstring bearing beam. In this design, the steps are inserted into special slots in the beam and their ends are not visible from the side. The designs on the bowstrings look more massive than the models on the kosours.
Metal stairs on boltsy. Here the supporting element is the wall itself. The steps are attached to it with metal fasteners. Such constructions look as if they are suspended in the air, they are light and elegant. There are models with support on the wall and on a scythe or bowstring.
To get acquainted with the types of structures on the Internet, there are many photos of stairs to the second floor made of metal.
Forms of handrails for stairs made of metal. Photo-examples of handrails and railings
For the purpose of safe movement, the structures of stairs on a metal frame are equipped with handrails and handrails.
Useful advice! If the staircase has more than three steps, it must be equipped with handrails or handrails. This corresponds to the technical requirements put forward for the operation of stairs.
Metal handrails for stairs can be of various shapes and colors. In this sense, manufacturers offer a wide range of products that allows you to choose elements for stairs in rooms of any design. In addition to the safety function, they also have an aesthetic component, giving completeness to the staircase ensemble.
Stainless steel handrails for stairs on a metal frame have gained wide popularity. Stainless steel railings are versatile in operation, do not require special care. They need to be wiped from time to time with a napkin soaked in a special composition to give shine. At the points of sale and on the manufacturers’ websites, a huge selection of components for stainless steel railings is offered.
Handrails for stairs made of metal (photos and prices are shown in the price lists) can be ordered of any type and shape, according to individual preferences. The price of stainless steel products will be higher than for handrails made of wood or plastic, but this will more than pay off with the reliability and durability of steel handrails.
Wrought iron railings for stairs in the house (the photo illustrates this) they are distinguished by sophistication and at the same time complexity in manufacturing. The process of manufacturing forged products is artistic forging. Any variations and styles of manufacturing forged railings from openwork to dense and massive are possible. The disadvantage of forged fences is their relatively high price.
Handrails for stairs made of metal with your own hands
For the independent manufacture of metal railings, black metal or steel is used. The main advantages of such railings are reliability and durability. If the products are properly processed, then they turn out to be quite beautiful. To obtain steel railings of the required shape, a metal bending method called cold is used.
Two types of welding are used for the manufacture of iron railings: semi-automatic and argon arc welding. In the first variant, a lot of splashes are observed during operation. The second option eliminates this moment and with argon arc welding, the docking seam turns out to be more even and neat, it lends itself well to stripping and polishing. Welded iron railings are vulnerable to corrosion and require paint treatment.
Stairs to the second floor with your own hands made of wood with a 90-degree turn: calculation and installation. Types of rotary stairs. Materials and tools for manufacturing. Calculation and installation of a rotary ladder.
The available photos of the railing from the profile pipe will be a support when choosing the right option for you.
Making stairs from a profile pipe to the second floor with your own hands
For the manufacture of stairs on a metal frame, profile pipes with cross-sectional dimensions of 40×60 mm are used, which will provide sufficient strength to the structure.
There are two methods of assembling the frame. You can make the entire frame outside the installation site and then move it directly to the place where the ladder will be located. This method may not always be suitable, since the design is quite heavy and you will have to resort to the help of special mechanisms. And the finished structure may not fit into the existing openings in size.
Experts recommend manufacturing the frame directly at the installation site of the stairs to the second floor. In this case, the mistakes made can be corrected as the work is carried out on site.
Cutting of blanks
The work begins with the choice of the staircase design: in this case, it will be an oblique design. A staircase scheme is being developed with all the necessary dimensions and taking into account the location of the turning steps. The scheme will be needed throughout the entire time of manufacture and installation of the stairs.
Profile pipes are pre-cleaned of scale. In accordance with the scheme, work is carried out on the preparation of elements of the required size and quantity.
Useful advice! If you are faced with the work of making a metal ladder frame for the first time, try to number all the cut and finished elements so as not to make a mistake and not spoil the material.
In order for the work to go faster, it is recommended to first prepare and cut all the elements, and then proceed to welding. But the gradual cutting in the course of the work allows you to make fewer mistakes. It’s up to you to choose. Pipe cutting is carried out with maintaining all angles.
Mounting of load-bearing supports
As soon as all the elements are cut, the supporting beams of the frame are installed. The number of beams must be equal to the number of kosourov. The bearing channel is cut so that it rests against the cutting plane in the ceiling beam and in the floor. In some cases, the base is prepared and a channel is welded to it.
At this stage, an important condition is the correct and parallel installation of channels (if there are several of them). The correctness of the entire structure will depend on their location. If a rotary system is planned, it is necessary to first make the necessary rotation of the load-bearing beam according to your scheme. If the diagram provides for a construction with a platform, then the ends of the supports of the marches should rest against the platform and be securely fixed.
Blanks for steps
The blanks for the steps are made in the form of a triangle, into which the steps are subsequently laid. To fix these triangles, a spot seam is used in several places. The correct fastening is checked and only after that it is securely fixed by welding to the main frame. Bolts are also used as fasteners.
When the first blank for the step is ready, a temporary step from the board is laid on it, then all the following “kerchiefs” are gradually mounted.
Making a frame for a 90-degree turntable staircase is much more difficult. The sizes of the triangular blanks will be different. Here it is recommended to prepare each element only after the previous one is mounted.
Sometimes, when used as a bearing element of a wide channel, instead of triangular blanks for steps, metal supports for them are welded to the base.
Metal frame processing
After installation, they begin to clean the seams. The entire metal surface of the frame is processed: degreasing, application of compounds from rust, primer. Next, the metal is covered with paint. If a stainless steel profile was used, no processing is needed.
The steps for the stairs can be made of wood or metal. A more exotic option is stone or glass. If a tree acts as steps, the shelves of the triangular corners should be at the bottom, if stone or concrete, the shelves are directed upwards.
The main advantage of stairs on a metal frame is the ability to combine different materials in a wide variety of combinations. At the same time, stairs on a metal frame are strong, durable and can match any interior style.