Stairs to the second floor in a private house with their own hands. Ladder design scheme
An indispensable attribute of two-storey cottages and country houses is a staircase. The design of the staircase, in addition to the function of connecting different levels of the room with each other, also has a decorative purpose. The systems are made of different materials to match the overall style of the interior of the room. Many people assemble stairs to the second floor in a private house with their own hands. The design diagram and exact drawings are often posted on the Internet — you can use them for self-installation of a sound and safe staircase system.
- 1 Stairs to the second floor in a private house with your own hands. Design diagram. Types of ladder systems
- 1.1 Marching stairs in the house to the second floor with their own hands
- 1.2 Construction of a spiral staircase to the second floor with your own hands
- 1.3 Ladder systems on boltsy
- 1.4 Combined types of stairs
- 2 Installation of stairs with your own hands on the second floor, video installation instructions
- 2.1 Scheme and calculation of the main staircase
- 2.2 Manufacture and fastening of the structural elements of the stairs
Stairs to the second floor in a private house with their own hands. Design diagram. Types of ladder systems
Having decided to equip the stairs to the second floor in a private house with your own hands, you need to be prepared for the fact that the installation of structures has its own nuances and requires certain skills. Materials for stairs can be wood, metal, concrete, stone, plexiglass, ceramics, as well as their combinations. According to the design, there are several types of ladder systems.
Marching stairs in the house to the second floor with their own hands
Marching staircase designs are the most common and familiar type of stair construction. It is comfortable to climb and descend such stairs. Suitable designs for spacious rooms where there is no need to save space. They are divided into straight and rotary and can be located near the wall or just in the middle of the room.
It is worth noting that the main staircase to the second floor in a private house with your own hands (schemes of such structures are often found on the web) is much easier to mount than, for example, spiral types of structures. However, you will need to correctly calculate the number of steps, marches, the size of the stairs and the space occupied by it.
If it turns out during the calculation that the march cannot be limited to 10 steps, it is necessary to divide the staircase into two or more sections, which are connected by a stairwell. Such a staircase design is called rotary. Stairs can be rotated 90 degrees (quarter-turn) and 180 degrees (half-turn). In order to save space, runaway structures of stairs are used, the steps of which have a larger width from the outer edge than from the inner one.
Marching ladders are divided depending on the type of bearing element. If the steps are installed on a load-bearing beam with a comb (kosour) from above and when viewing the stairs from the side, the ends of the steps are visible, such a ladder is called kosour. The use of such stairs in a particular interior is clearly demonstrated by the photo. The staircase to the second floor with your own hands on the kosour should differ in sufficient power.
The bowstring structure of the stairs consists of two load-bearing beams, inside of which there are grooves for fixing the steps. If you look at the stairs from the side, you can’t see the steps: they are hidden behind the bowstring.
Useful advice! If the classics prevail in your interior and the place for installing the stairs has no special restrictions, it is recommended to decorate the room with a solid and solid staircase on bowstrings.
Ladders on kosours are quite compact, their designs look light and elegant, they do not visually reduce the space of the room.
A staircase to the second floor in a private house with your own hands (diagrams, photos are often put on the Internet) is quite possible to assemble and install, adhering to the recommendations and advice of professionals.
Construction of a spiral staircase to the second floor with your own hands
Spiral staircases are of interest from the point of view of design attractiveness. Such designs in various designs look spectacular and are able to decorate any interior. They can connect the room levels both inside the house and from the street side. It all depends on the architectural features and personal preferences of the owners of the cottages.
Numerous photos of stairs to the second floor in dachas confirm the advantages of spiral stairs in cramped conditions. The design of a spiral staircase can be easily inscribed on an area of 1.5×1.5 m. A significant drawback is that it is impossible to lift dimensional furniture and appliances up such a staircase, and it is possible to move along it only alternately.
Spiral staircases are most often made of wood, metal or can be combined from these materials. Installation of a spiral staircase with your own hands (drawings and calculations are quite complicated) requires accurate measurements and consideration of all design features of such a staircase system. You can ask how the wooden spiral staircase to the second floor is made with your own hands on the relevant thematic sites, where all the necessary schemes and calculations are presented.
Useful advice! So that when moving along a spiral staircase you do not have to bend down, you should ensure that the distance between the turns is not less than two diameters of the stairs.
Staircase systems on boltsy
The Boltz ladder model assumes its placement along the wall, since the steps are fixed on the wall with the help of special fasteners (boltz). On the other hand, the steps are attached to the railing, which act as the main supporting element of the structure. Such stairs are visually easy, although they are highly reliable. They are almost invisible and contribute to the preservation of sunlight.
Stylistically, the stairs on Boltsy look quite modern, but they will be appropriate in any interior. The stairs do not creak, withstand heavy loads and are designed to move loads along them.
Combined types of stairs
A staircase in a house that includes a marching and screw elements in its design is called a combined one. Such an association can give the stairs unusual aesthetic and functional qualities. In the designs of combined stairs, it is possible to combine straight and rotary marches, screw elements in different sequences, depending on the required layout.
Materials for combined systems are selected based on personal preferences and compatibility with the general style. The skewers can be steel, concrete or wooden, the steps — metal, wooden, glass. Handrails for stairs in a private house in a combined version can also be made of wood and metal. Sometimes staircases are lined with plasterboard slabs.
Independent installation of the combined design makes it possible to obtain an individual staircase that has no analogues. Of the limitations in the device of the combined system, there may be a lack of space, a complex circuit and time-consuming installation. The cost component plays an important role. In order not to find out later that the installed staircase occupies the main part of the room, accurate measurements and calculations are necessary. You can create a model of a staircase in 3D format, which will clearly present the design in the conditions of your room.
Installing stairs with your own hands on the second floor, video installation instructions
For self-manufacturing and installation of stairs, we will choose a marching type of stairs. The elements of the products are easy to manufacture and their installation is relatively easy.
To make a staircase to the second floor, you will need:
- timber with a thickness of at least 40 mm for the manufacture of steps;
- 40 mm wide board;
- a beam of 30-40 mm for the horizontal surface of the step (tread);
- beam 30 mm for risers;
- timber for 50×250 mm kosourov;
- screws for fixing elements;
- handrails, balusters, railings.
In the relevant stores, you can buy railings and balusters for stairs to the second floor in a private house. The prices for them are quite acceptable: the purchase of these elements will give you the opportunity to gain time and purchase good quality products. After all, the appearance of the stairs largely depends on the elegance of these elements.
Let’s try to figure out how the stairs to the second floor are made in the form of a marching wooden structure on kosours.
Useful advice! If it is difficult for you to determine the length of the flight of stairs mathematically, you can make a schematic drawing in compliance with the scale and determine by measuring the length of the flight and the resulting angle of inclination of the stairs.
Manufacture and fastening of the structural elements of the stairs
To make kosourov, you will need a qualitatively dried board. Suitable breeds such as beech, pine or oak. First, according to the calculations, the layout of the element is made of cardboard or plywood. From above and from below, grooves are arranged on the scythe to attach it to the support bars. After that, the workpieces are ground.
Ready-made scythes are attached at the bottom and at the top to the support beam. The control of the correct installation is determined by the construction level.
A 40 mm thick board is used for the steps. The width of the steps corresponds to the selected width of the stairs, taking into account the railing. As a rule, the width of the steps ranges from 0.7 to 1.2 m. For the risers, a board with a thickness of 30 mm, a width equal to the height of the step, and a length equal to the selected width of the ladder is used.
The method of fixing the steps is as follows: first, the riser is attached, and then the steps. In order not to make a characteristic creaking sound later when moving up the stairs, all the cracks and connecting lines are filled with glue for carpentry.
Balusters are mounted taking into account one piece for each step. In this case, the first and last balusters will be supporting, decorative ones are located between them. Fastening takes place by means of the same screws, the places of fastening are masked by plugs. The railing is attached to the balusters on the lower side. When the structure is ready, it is thoroughly sanded and varnished or painted in several steps. Each layer is allowed to dry well.
For example, you can see photos of stairs in the country to the second floor with your own hands.
When installing a staircase in the house yourself, it is necessary to develop a clear scheme of the planned design and take into account all useful recommendations. Ladder systems can be of various designs: spiral, marching or complex combined configuration. Non—trivial shapes of handrails and balusters, finishing of steps made of various modern materials – all these elements will create a unique design that will become a real masterpiece in the interior of your home.