Stairs to the second floor in a private house: photos, types of structures and materials
Two-storey houses and cottages have become a trend of the new time. Almost the main element of the interior are stairs to the second floor in a private house: photos of such structures amaze with their aesthetics. The impression that the interior of the cottage leaves depends on the right choice. Today, you can choose the most suitable option that fits into any interior design.
- 1 What stairs are made to the second floor in a private house: photo examples
- 1.1 Stairs made of reinforced concrete structures
- 1.2 Stair structures made of wood
- 1.3 Metal structures of stairs
- 1.4 Modern materials for creating stairs
- 2 Stairs to the second floor with your own hands (video)
What stairs are made to the second floor in a private house: photo examples
Since stairs have long ceased to perform only a unitary function, and have become important interior items, their diversity is so great that you need to break your head before choosing a suitable design for your home. In terms of the type of construction, there are stairs:
- having 1 march;
- consisting of 2 marches;
- multi-marsh designs.
Flights of stairs are called flights of stairs. Stairs to the second floor in a private house in their form can be: just straight, similar to a screw, with right angles, rotary stairs, as well as folding. A huge practical and decorative function is also carried by the material that went into the production of stairs. It can be: a concrete structure made of wooden or metal parts, plastic and even impact-resistant glass.
The choice of the desired option depends entirely on the size of the room where the staircase structure should be installed, on the interior in this room, on the style of decoration and design, as well as on the material capabilities of the owner. In any case, before making a final decision, it is necessary to familiarize yourself with all the features of the products.
Usually in a private house stairs to the second floor are made with one or two flights. At the same time, the first option is preferable in a spacious room, and the second may be in demand even in a small one. This is especially true for screw versions. They require a very small area to install. Let’s take a closer look at each option.
Stairs made of reinforced concrete structures
Such products are made either entirely of concrete, including fences and railings, or combined with other materials, such as metal and wood. In any case, their marches are made of concrete. Concrete stairs have a very large massiveness, volume and weight. They are installed on large areas in luxury mansions, where there is enough space.
The marches of such stairs are completely cast from concrete and covered with a decorative coating. It can be ordinary tiles, sometimes laminate or parquet. It is often possible to find products covered with carpet. If you own a beautiful spacious mansion, then this will be the best option. After all, concrete marches have properties that are not found in products made of other materials:
- marches can be made in any shape you like, even straight, even screw;
- the strength of concrete is not in any doubt;
- stairs to the second floor in a private house made of concrete are almost impossible to damage, except with a jackhammer;
- even if there is a chip somewhere, then covering it with a solution will not be a special problem;
- moisture almost does not penetrate into concrete and cannot seriously harm it;
- concrete staircases are not able to shake even a millimeter from human steps, so such structures are very reliable.
They have one drawback – the massiveness and exactingness of a vast space. Therefore, if it is not there, then it is better to familiarize yourself with the wooden version of stairs for a two-storey cottage.
Useful advice! In case of limited funds, when designing a house with a concrete staircase, it is necessary to provide for the installation of standard marches. It will be much cheaper than buying a monolith for your individual sizes.
Stair structures made of wood
What is not made of wood. To this day, this simple material has not lost any of its relevance. It is understandable, because it was created by nature itself, so for a person it represents a special comfort that no artificial material can give. Stairs made of wood are elegance and style. Varnished structures become the decoration of almost any home. The atmosphere of warmth and comfort in the room is created, largely thanks to wooden stairs.
In addition to the above advantages, we can also mention the relative cheapness of the stairs to the second floor in a private house, made of wood, as well as its lightness.
Stairs made of wooden parts have a number of disadvantages. Firstly, it cannot be given an arbitrary shape, which does not allow you to safely experiment with shapes. Secondly, the tree is afraid of moisture. Thirdly, varnished stairs are very difficult to repair, since you have to completely grind the steps to apply a fresh coating, and this requires disassembly of the structure.
Most often, straight marches are made at wooden stairs. They consist of two parallel kosours connected by steps. The convenient width of the steps is 20-25 cm, and the height is 15-20 cm– The ideal angle of inclination is considered to be 45 degrees. One flight should contain 12 – 13 steps. If this number is much larger, then the number of marches should be increased by arranging a platform. Alternatively, one of the kosourov is attached to the wall. This looks cumbersome, creates a room under the stairs, which is made closed and used as a pantry.
To make the wooden staircase look more elegant, it is not necessary to attach it to the wall, but to build it in an open space with the help of boltzov. There is no need to make bulky supports for it. It is enough to install several supports, which may have pretentious artistic forms. If only one kosour is used in the manufacture of such a staircase, then the design will turn out to be even more elegant and airy.
These stairs to the second floor in a private house are also made spiral. To do this, a load-bearing metal or wooden pole is installed, around which steps having a triangular or trapezoidal shape are attached with a spiral on one side. Their second side is attached due to the complex design of balusters and staircase railings connecting the steps into one solid rigid structure. Such stairs are suitable even for very small rooms and look beautiful. However, screw structures do not differ in convenience and safety.
Useful advice! Have you provided a spiral staircase in the house project? Take care of how to lift bulky, unassembled furniture to the second floor in advance. It will be impossible to do this using a screw structure.
Metal structures of stairs
It is also very common to find stairs that are made of metal. Since it can be bent in any projections, there are quite a lot of options for metal stairs. The simplest designs provide for the use of channels and corners. In such staircases, wood is often used for the construction of steps. Forged stairs are more elegant and fashionable. Skilled blacksmiths can turn any flight of your imagination into solidified metal.
Modern paint and varnish materials with a hammer effect are able to give a steel “monster” such an elegant look that a forged staircase will become an ornament of any interior. Painted metal is practically not subject to corrosion. Its repair does not cause any difficulties. Any part that is accidentally broken off can be welded into place, and the faded paint can be updated without resorting to complex manipulations to remove the old coating.
Modern materials for creating stairs
Today it is not a novelty to use materials such as plastic, glass and carbon fiber for stairs to the second floor in a private house. Plastic structures are made to order for a specific interior. The form for their production is prepared according to an individual project. Although the cost of this material is not sky-high, making a ladder out of it costs a decent amount of money. But you can get any, even the most insane form as a result. The same applies to carbon fiber.
As for glass stairs, ready-made structures of any shape are available for sale. The frame of such stairs is metal, and the steps are made of thick shock-resistant glass. A glass staircase will decorate any room, especially if it is in high-tech style with chrome details.
When choosing the option of the stairs you are interested in, it is necessary to take into account all the nuances of the various designs outlined above. This will help to create comfort and safe use of this product in the house.