Spiral stairs to the second floor in a private house: photos, prices for structures
The spiral staircase is rightfully considered the queen among stair systems. Always luxurious, with an unsurpassed design — this design serves as a central decorative element around which the entire interior is formed. Spiral staircase systems are extremely functional, but they do not take up much useful space. The review “Spiral stairs to the second floor in a private house: photos, prices for structures” will help to explore existing options for stairs and give preference to a functional, safe and compact design.
- 1 Spiral staircase: types of structures
- 2 Calculation of spiral stairs
- 3 Spiral staircase with your own hands. Drawings and diagrams of structures
- 3.1 The design scheme of the stairs
- 3.2 How the spiral staircase is made: installation procedure
- 4 Installation of a spiral staircase with your own hands made of metal: construction drawings
- 4.1 Calculation of the metal structure
- 4.2 Preparation of ladder elements and parts
- 5 Designs of spiral stairs to the second floor in a private house: photos in the interior
- 6 Spiral stairs to the second floor in a private house: photos, prices, manufacturers
Spiral staircase: types of structures
Spiral staircases are the most attractive and unusual designs. They may differ in the materials used for their manufacture and in the design style. Spiral staircases are classified depending on the method of supporting treads (steps):
- the support of the steps on the walls and the pillar — in this design, the steps of the spiral staircase of a wedge-shaped shape rest their wide part on the perimeter walls, while the narrow part of the steps has a support in the form of a middle pillar. The support post is made of stone or can be recruited from the thickening of the steps;
- cantilever mounting of the steps around the support post — the steps of such a screw system are cantilevered to the central pillar in the form of a pillar. The mounting of the steps turns out to be quite rigid, so such a ladder can not necessarily be installed next to the wall;
- the support of the steps on a curved bowstring and a fence — this design of the stairs does not provide a central support. The steps are mounted in curved spiral bowstrings, which at the same time serve as barriers. The manufacture of such a screw structure involves certain difficulties, however, it has a very attractive and original appearance;
- the steps are strung with a narrow part on a casing support pipe — the most common method of mounting the steps: metal treads cantilevered rest on an internal support rack in the form of a pipe. In this design, it is important that the pipe is at least 50 mm in diameter, since it serves as a bearing element in the staircase system.
Various materials are used for the manufacture of spiral staircases, including:
- metal — stainless steel, alloy steel, brass, brushed aluminum, cast iron;
- wood — oak, maple, beech, larch, pine and others;
- stone, brick, ceramics, glass, marble.
To create screw systems, various combinations of materials are used, which results in original and unusual designs. Their main advantage is their high strength and resistance to heavy loads.
Calculation of spiral stairs
The calculation of the dimensions of the spiral staircase largely depends on the purpose of the structure: whether it will be the main or auxiliary. If the staircase serves as the main one, it is recommended to take the size of its steps at least 90 cm in length, and the diameter of the opening in which it will be installed is 200 cm. It turns out that the diameter of the opening should be approximately 20 cm larger than two values of the length of the steps. This size of the opening is explained by the need to equip the spiral staircase structure with fencing and railings. Then there is a gap of 10 cm between the railing and the surface of the opening, which will facilitate convenient support on the handrail. In the case of an auxiliary spiral staircase, an opening with a diameter of 140 cm and a length of steps of 60 cm is sufficient. Usually such ladders are used to ascend to the attic or descend to the basement.
The design of spiral stairs is such that when moving along them, not the entire length of the steps is used, but only a wide part of it. If, for example, the projected staircase has a step width of 90 cm, then part of this step will be attached to a support post, on the other side a fence will be attached. Thus, there will be about 80 cm left for walking. But considering that the steps of the helical structure have a runaway location, the part of them that is attached to the pillar will hang over a part of the subsequent step. Consequently, the width of the step, suitable for movement, will be reduced by another 25%. As a result, it turns out that out of the entire 90 cm wide step, about 50 cm will be used for moving.
To achieve a more comfortable movement, the diameter of the opening and the dimensions of the spiral staircase are increased. However, the size of the opening should not be taken more than 300 cm, in this case, the space under the occupied staircase will allow you to install a marching structure.
Spiral staircase with your own hands. Drawings and diagrams of structures
Numerous photos of spiral staircases to the second floor with their own hands indicate that the independent manufacture of such structures is quite possible. When starting the manufacture of stairs, it is necessary to determine the installation location, calculate all the parameters, understand the drawings of spiral stairs.
For example, consider a spiral staircase structure with wooden wedge-shaped steps and a supporting support in the form of a metal pillar. Such a ladder can be installed both next to the wall and in the middle of the room.
Ladder design scheme
The base of the spiral staircase structure is a bearing support in the form of a rod to which the steps are attached. As a rule, a massive metal pipe is used for the bearing column. The steps are supported by bushings attached to the rack. They can be made independently by cutting a steel pipe into cylinders of certain sizes. On both sides, pads are welded to the cylinder bushings, which have holes for fitting them on the support rack.
To give the bushings an aesthetic appearance, they are pasted with a decorative film of the appropriate texture. It can be an imitation of wood or marble, depending on the combination with the material for the steps. Sometimes cylindrical wooden elements are used as bushings. The main thing here is that the ends of all the bushings are parallel to each other.
How the spiral staircase is made: installation procedure
The installation of the stairs begins with the installation of a bearing support. Its length should be greater than the sum of the height of the room and the thickness of the upper ceiling by 7 cm. At the upper end of the support, a thread about 20 cm long is cut, the lower edge of the support is concreted.
All the necessary details of the stairs must be prepared beforehand: steps, spacer bushings, cuffs, couplings. All parts are mounted sequentially on a supporting support. As soon as the last stage is installed, the entire system is fixed with a disk and screwed onto the thread of the mounting nut.
Useful advice! So that over time the ladder does not creak when walking, it is necessary to tighten the upper nut of the fastener as the treads shrink.
Next, all the elements of the fence are attached, the fixation of the steps and rods of the barriers is checked and the upper fixing nut is finally fixed.
Explanations to the Ladder mounting Scheme:
1 — steps of the ladder;
12,13 — upper and lower fence posts;
2 — bushing for step strut;
14 — corner fence post;
3 — bearing support;
15 — railings;
4 — thread for fixing the rack;
16 — short fence post;
5 — disk under the nut;
17 — long fence post;
6 — fastener nut;
18 — additional fence post;
7 — fixing the support by concreting;
19 — balustrade;
8 — the foundation of the house;
20 — connecting finger;
9 — protrusion;
21 — bushing linings;
10 — a hole for the fence;
22 — floor surface;
11 — securing the fence;
23 — overlap.
Installation of a spiral staircase with your own hands made of metal: construction drawings
Spiral stairs made of metal can be used both externally and internally. If a metal staircase is installed outside, it should be in harmony with the window grilles and the entrance door. In this case, the designs of spiral forged stairs will be quite appropriate. If the staircase is installed indoors, it is desirable that its design supports the style of the interior. Spiral stairs made of metal can be prefabricated, cast, welded.
When self-manufacturing spiral metal stairs, it is recommended to familiarize yourself and use ready-made diagrams and drawings of structures that are adapted to individual sizes.
Calculation of the metal structure
Calculation of all parameters of the ladder system is carried out taking into account the following points:
- in order for the movement of the stairs to be safe, the distance between the adjacent turns of the screw structure should be at least 2 m;
- if the structure is the main one and is installed indoors, the diameter of the opening should correspond to the size of 200 cm, and the length of the step is 80 cm;
- the supporting metal support should be selected in the form of a pipe with a diameter of at least 5 cm;
- the width of the tread (step) along the middle line is at least 20 cm;
- if the spiral staircase is surrounded by perimeter walls, the distance from the handrail to the wall surface should be about 10 cm, so that it is convenient to hold on to the handrail when moving along the stairs;
- it is not necessary to increase the angle of ascent of the stairs above 45 degrees;
- a spiral metal staircase should have a high-quality and stable fence;
- for safe movement on the steps of the outdoor stairs, it is recommended to use anti-slip coatings.
Having decided to make a metal ladder yourself, you need to know that such a design will require knowledge and experience working with a welding machine. Metal structures of spiral staircases to the second floor of economy class are subject to independent production. The device of such stairs provides for fixing the steps to a metal support post. All elements of the stairs are prepared separately in comfortable conditions, and the stairs are assembled indoors.
Preparation of elements and details of stairs
All elements of the staircase structure are pre-prepared according to drawings and diagrams:
- the pipe of the carrier rack is cut according to the size of the height of the room;
- a larger diameter pipe of the same size;
- metal rod for the manufacture of bolted fasteners;
- metal corner for the manufacture of steps.
From a pipe of a larger diameter, cylinders are cut for sleeve sleeves, which will fix the steps at a certain height. The length of the sleeve must correspond to the height of the step. Sleeve sleeves should be tightly strung on the support pipe. If there is a small gap between the pipe and the sleeve, additional sealing rings are welded. After the work is done, all welding seams are cleaned.
The metal corner is cut according to the template of the steps and the frame for the steps is welded from these elements. A sleeve sleeve is welded to each stage and the seams are also cleaned. Prepare boltsy.
Spiral staircases have a very narrow step width along the line of movement. While moving along such a ladder, the foot that steps closer to the central support rests on a part of the step with a smaller width. This can cause the foot to slip, especially when moving down.
Useful advice! For the convenience of moving along the spiral staircase, the steps of the structure should not be equipped with risers. This will allow you to place the foot of the foot behind the step line in a narrow place.
Next, all parts and elements of the spiral staircase are assembled. One by one, bushings with steps are strung on the support pipe. When all the steps are assembled, their position is aligned according to the drawings, and all parts are welded together. All welding seams are sanded. The metal surface of the stairs is treated with a primer and covered with paint. The frame of the steps is filled with facing material.
When the stairs with steps are mounted, they begin to install fences and railings.
For clarity of the installation process, you can use photos of spiral staircases to the second floor in a private house.
Designs of spiral staircases to the second floor in a private house: photos in the interior
The spiral staircase to the second floor of the house, in addition to its functional load, also carries the main decorative component. In this regard, not only the reliability and convenience of the design is considered, but also its corresponding design.
If you prefer minimalism or high-tech style, it would be appropriate to choose a metal structure. Such stairs look light and will always attract attention. Do not forget about the role of the color of the stairs. For example, if the staircase is black, it will be well supported by dark furniture, black and white paintings or carpets with a combination of black and white stripes.
If the staircase is given a place of secondary decor in the interior you are planning, you should choose variants of structures painted in light shades. A matte staircase that does not reflect other objects looks much lighter than a dark one and will be almost invisible. Many choose models painted in bright colors, and sometimes with multi-colored steps.
Useful advice! To avoid injury when moving up the stairs, it is necessary to equip the structure with a high-quality fence, it can be solid. This is especially true for families with young children.
Spiral staircases made of precious wood will suit the classical style. Such structures should also be supported by appropriate furniture, preferably almost in tone. Fences made of carved balusters give a special charm to wooden stairs. Wrought iron fences in combination with a wooden staircase structure look no less elegant.
Using a wooden spiral staircase to connect the levels, you can fill the house with warmth and comfort. After all, wood is a material that absorbs the energy of the sun, wind, rain and transmits it to the whole room.
If you want to give the stairs lightness and transparency, you can use designs with glass steps. Fences in these structures can be selected in a variety of ways: wooden railings in combination with aluminum balusters, horizontal aluminum fencing or fencing made of transparent plastic.
Spiral stairs to the second floor in a private house: photos, prices, manufacturers
The use of spiral staircases is not limited only to private and country houses, they are used with pleasure in offices, hotels, sports centers, clubs and other public premises. Due to its unusual design and equipment with various decorative elements, spiral staircases perfectly fit into the interior of a room of almost any design.
By connecting different levels, the screw structure significantly saves space allocated for movement along it. This allows you to place the structure even in small two-story houses. This fact influenced the incredible popularity of spiral staircases to the second floor in private homes. Photos, prices for custom-made products can be seen on the websites of manufacturers. As a rule, companies offer their own ready-made spiral stairs (check the prices with the manufacturer). But many of them can also embody the design projects of the customers themselves, taking into account individual sizes and personal wishes.
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Spiral stairs to the second floor in a private house (photos, prices are indicated on the relevant websites), offered by manufacturers, can be made in any style: square or oval steps, forged or carved fences, wooden or glass decorative elements. It all depends on your individual preferences and the chosen style of the room.
Useful advice! Finding a professional stair master is not so easy today. Stick to the recommendations of friends, schedule personal conversations, find out all the points of interest and get acquainted with the portfolio of a specialist.
Where to buy spiral stairs to the second floor cheap? On the Internet you can find catalogs of products from various manufacturers. The models presented in them are made of a variety of materials: metal, wood, combined, with elements of inserts made of glass, marble, ceramics, stained glass and forged products.
Many companies, in an effort to make affordable prices for products for any buyer, offer discount systems for the most popular staircase systems.
To order a spiral staircase design at an affordable price, it is necessary to provide the manufacturer with the following data:
- the scheme is the plan of the room in which the installation of a spiral staircase is planned;
- the location of the structure relative to the room;
- dimensions of the room indicating the height and diameter of the hole for the spiral staircase;
- the type of the staircase model to the second floor, the preferred materials for its manufacture, the features of the general style of the room.
Taking into account all the data, specialists will create products within a short time that must strictly comply with operational requirements and standards, regardless of the chosen design. In addition, in order to ensure the safety of operation, it is recommended to order stair structures equipped with fences and railings.
The sale of stairs is a relatively new type of service in the construction industry. In addition to imported designs, there are many products of domestic manufacturers on the market.
Firms engaged in the sale of stairs usually accept orders for designs on individual projects. In addition, they provide services for the delivery and assembly of ladder systems. But it should be borne in mind that the cost of stairs made according to individual drawings will be 20% more expensive than the standard model. It’s up to you to choose.