DesignPorch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of various designs

Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of various designs

Perhaps it would not be an exaggeration to say that the porch of a private country house should be functional and fit into the overall exterior of the building. At the same time, a stylish and original porch is the hallmark of the house. There are several different options for the implementation of this final stage of construction, depending on the choice of the main building material and the budget framework. At the same time, we can confidently say that the task of making a strong, durable and beautiful porch to the house with your own hands is quite solvable: projects, photos and descriptions of all stages of work can easily be found on the Internet.

Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of various designs

Wood and concrete are one of the most popular combinations in the construction of a porch

  • 1 The main types and design of the porch
  • 2 Foundation: a common stage for all types of porch
  • 3 Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of different types of porch
    • 3.1 Wooden porch for a private house with your own hands
    • 3.2 Metal porch
    • 3.3 Concrete porch
    • 3.4 Brick or stone porch
  • 4 Visor over the porch
  • 5 Glazed or closed porch to the house with your own hands

The main types and design of the porch

Structurally, the porch in a private house, photos of which are presented not only in this article, is an open area, usually with a staircase, which is made directly in front of the entrance to the house. It can have a variety of shapes and be with or without a canopy, as well as from a variety of materials.

Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of various designs

Stylish wooden porch

Conventionally, the structure that defines the design of the porch of a private house (photos create a visual representation) can be divided into three main types: simple, built-in or attached:

  • the porch of a simple type is a platform with steps and a canopy over it. When assembling such a porch, the most difficult operation will be pouring the foundation, which will be required even for a light wooden structure;
  • the built-in porch is designed together with the house and is being built thoroughly;

The project of a one-storey house 5,4 x 8 m with a built-in porch

  • the porch of the attached type does not differ externally from the built-in one, but can be easily modified and rebuilt. At the same time, the attached porch can be arranged by reworking or minor completion of a simple porch;

Important! The foundation for the porch is necessary to prevent the deformation of the steps associated with seasonal temperature changes.

Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of various designs

An example of the arrangement of the porch of a house made of wood

Foundation: a common stage for all types of porch

The depth of laying the foundation for the porch should coincide with the depth of laying the foundation of the entire house. Otherwise, due to the precipitation of the soil associated with its seasonal freezing and thawing, deformation of the entire structure of the porch is possible. If, as a result of the precipitation of the soil, the structure shifts towards the house, then it will be the foundation of the porch that will collapse, as it is at times less massive. Minor repairs in this case will not work: everything will have to be redone again.

Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of various designs

Laying the foundation of the porch with your own hands

Since even a closed porch for a private house (photos can be viewed on specialized resources), although fully glazed, is not intended for living and there will be no massive furniture and the constant presence of people, then a simple concrete pillow can be used as a foundation for all types of porch.

But if concrete, red or white brick or stone is chosen as the material for solving the question of how to make a porch in a private house (a photo of the necessary steps will help to cope with the work), the foundation must be reinforced. Such a structure will exert a greater load on the base than a wooden one.

The construction of the foundation for the porch begins with the marking of a rectangular area of the appropriate size: a porch of any shape should fit into this rectangle. Piles are driven into the corners of the rectangle, after which a pit is dug along the marked contour. The depth of the pit should not be less than the depth of laying the main foundation.

Useful advice! Laying the foundation of the porch to a great depth is also not recommended. In this case, the power load during the displacement of the foundations of the house and porch with soil shrinkage and temperature changes will be less, but destruction is still inevitable – not after 2-3 seasons, so after 5-7.

Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of various designs

Usually the concrete porch formwork is 30 cm higher than the main structure

A large canopy over the porch (the photo will give an idea of this design better than a verbal description), which will require the installation of supports, then the rectangle for the pit is increased by an additional 20-30 cm on each side. At the same time, the support piles for the visor can be hammered even after the porch itself is made.

To do this, at the points of future installation of supports, you need to leave small rectangles (20×20 or 30×30 cm) of the uncovered area. In the future, it will be possible to quickly drill wells in these areas, install and drive a support, pour concrete.

Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of various designs

Construction of a porch made of concrete, stone and wood with your own hands

Formwork is very desirable, although it is possible to do without it on stony soil. For formwork, you can use almost anything – boards left after the main construction, thin plywood and even chipboard. You just need to remember that thick plywood and chipboard are hygroscopic, will swell due to rain and groundwater and spread, so after the concrete solidifies, the formwork must be removed.

Pruning boards from coniferous wood can be left. Softwood lumber has a very significant positive feature: completely soaked in water (and at the same time even deeply frozen), they become very strong, while maintaining elasticity.

Крыльцо к дому своими руками: проекты, фото различных конструкций

The correct design calculation will avoid skewing and other deformations

Useful advice! In case of severe deformation of the soil, for example, if the house is built on a slope, softwood formwork boards will work as a damper.

Waterproofing of the porch foundation is mandatory — for its device, it is enough to cover the bottom of the pit and the inner surface of the formwork with roofing material. For reinforcement, you can do with several bricks, on which a grid is placed or a grid of pieces of reinforcement is attached.

Thus, the pit is filled with the necessary number of layers of bricks and mesh, after which they proceed to fill the structure with concrete. To prevent voids from forming in the thickness of the concrete, after each layer of pouring, it is necessary to carefully tamper the solution with a shovel.

Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of various designs

Example of waterproofing the porch foundation

Useful advice! For compacting concrete, it is better to use an electric vibration compactor, which can be rented.

Since concrete sets and dries for about a week, it is necessary to immediately level the surface of the foundation and cover it with roofing material or construction film with an overlap at the edges of at least 50 cm. Otherwise, in case of rain, excess water in the surface layer of concrete will make it brittle in the future, and then the whole idea with the foundation will be meaningless.

Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of various designs

Wooden porch of a country house

Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of different types of porch

Hand-made projects found on the Internet, photos of the porch to the house will help determine the choice of materials for construction. In general cases, they are traditional:

  • tree;
  • metal;
  • concrete;
  • brick or stone.

Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of various designs

Since the floor in the house is always raised to the level of the foundation, a series of steps acts as a mandatory element of the porch

Wooden porch for a private house with your own hands

Photos of wooden porches for a private house with their own hands, made of wood — on the Internet, perhaps, most of all. After all, wood is the most traditional material and the porch from it is the easiest to make. It is enough to have skilled hands, a circular saw (or a simple saw with a small tooth for cutting accuracy) and a construction square.

The ideal material is larch, followed by spruce and other conifers: they are durable, easily processed even by hand. After special impregnation, the material from them is not much inferior, for example, to the material from oak or other hard rocks.

Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of various designs

A wooden porch is easy to make on your own

Important! Working with hardwood requires not only skill and a suitable tool, but also specific knowledge. The quality of oak drying, for example, can only be determined by an experienced carpenter.

Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of various designs

A small wooden porch

First you need to make a kosour (kosougor). Since it is simply impractical to make the width of the porch for a wooden house (photos of the most successful projects will serve as confirmation) less than 120 cm, it will require at least three such beams. The optimal distance between the slants is about half a meter, based on this, it is possible to calculate how many beams will be required.

This approach will ensure the strength and durability of the construction of a self-made porch for a wooden house (photos and drawings in magazines and construction manuals prove this), even if the staircase is used very actively, with a large weight load.

Interesting! Kosour is a load–bearing beam with sawn teeth, which plays the role of an additional internal support. Steps are laid on the horizontal edges of the teeth.

Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of various designs

Detailed diagram with dimensions for the construction of a wooden staircase

The bowstring (an external oblique angle or just an inclined beam) should be 2-3 times thicker than the scythe. Both bowstrings are connected at the ends by cross beams. Between them, the necessary number of kosourov is attached to the beams.

During the sawing of the edges for the steps, a square is simply necessary. A miss between the teeth in parallel slits, even 5-7 mm, will ensure easy subsidence of the step in one place and swelling in another. Temperature differences will only increase the difference in the levels of the step.

Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of various designs

When building stairs, it is very important to calculate the tread width correctly

The width of the steps of a self-made wooden porch (with or without a canopy) is calculated for the foot of an adult with a margin, that is, 35-45 cm. The height of the riser (the height difference between the steps) should not be more than 20 cm. There should be an odd number of steps (an additional stiffener is provided), and if there are more than three steps, then it is necessary to provide the porch with a railing.

The overhang of the step can not be done if the porch is glazed and the staircase is securely covered from rain and snow. If the ladder goes outside, then the overhang is necessary so that water accumulates on the plane of the lower step, and does not flow down the riser into the groove between them.

Useful advice! The finished assembled ladder should definitely be installed so that the planes of the steps lie with a slight slope (about 1-2 cm per meter). Then the water will flow down from the steps itself, and ice will not form on them.

The finished structure is installed on a prepared fortified platform, that is, on the foundation. For the strength of the installation in the place of the foundation surface where the lower beam with the slants will be embedded, you can use this beam to push a small depression while the concrete has not yet completely frozen. It will turn out to be a very strong support for the porch stairs.

Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of various designs

You can build a wooden porch only from well-dried boards

The flooring of the upper platform is made of the same material as the stairs. There is only one requirement here: it is advisable to use boards of the maximum available width and length, and to adjust the joints as accurately as possible. Well-lapped boards themselves will ensure the absence of deformations, even if the tree begins to crack over time.

Depending on the size of the platform and stairs, with the foundation ready, it will take 3-7 days to work on the arrangement of the porch to the wooden house with your own hands. Projects, photo instructions and manuals will help to break the process into stages. The time spent will rather depend on the experience of working with a tree, but a beginner will cope without problems.

Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of various designs

Stylish wooden porch

Metal porch

The advantages of a metal porch is that it is mounted literally in hours with the ability to work with electric welding. In addition, metal construction will be relatively cheap if forged elements are not used. Minus – everything will have to be assembled from standard elements. But if you want a really beautiful and stylish metal porch, then forged elements will have to be ordered and wait at least 2-4 weeks, depending on the volume of the order, despite the fact that forging is not cheap.

Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of various designs

Wooden steps look nice with metal railings

However, a primitive staircase structure without frills can be made a very impressive metal porch in a private house (photos confirm this). The simplest option is assembled from channels, corners and filling material: wood, thick chipboard or porcelain stoneware. Projects, photos of the porch to the house made of metal clearly show the popularity of such a solution.

For a simple metal porch, you will need two identical channels the length of the future staircase. Both channels are placed in parallel at a distance equal to the length of the future step, then a corner is marked and cut to fit the size of the step, adding a centimeter along the edges for the welding seam.

In the same way, a piece of length equal to the height between the steps is cut off from the corner. Both prunings are welded to each other L-shaped (the edge is obtained-the frame of the step in the section). Make the right amount corresponding to the number of steps, such L-shaped parts and weld them to the channel. Thus, a metal oblique angle is obtained. In the same way, the second oblique angle is made from another channel.

 The canopy over the porch is made of polycarbonate. Photos and design features. Material properties, types of polycarbonate, advantages and disadvantages. Design options, features of installation with your own hands.

Then both channel angles are connected in pairs with cut corners under the width of the stairs, creating a contour of steps, and the corner that is located under the riser is turned upside down (as if creating a side).

As a result, the finished staircase is almost assembled. Then it’s a matter of taste. The most advantageous will look like a wooden step, which is simply placed on the resulting frame and fastened in any way.

Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of various designs

Fastening of wooden slats to concrete steps

Even with a little experience working with a welding machine, the total time spent on assembling a metal porch will not exceed several hours.

Concrete porch

This option is a continuation of the foundation, but with mandatory reinforcement of each step, since they will bear the main load and chips can appear very quickly – in a few months. Since the concrete porch is covered with facing tiles or stone for aesthetics, the collapsing concrete will instantly provide chips and cracks in the cladding.

Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of various designs

The concrete porch is very durable and practical

It is enough to assemble the formwork for the lower step on a ready-made foundation, taking into account that the height of the lower step due to the high load should be 1-2 cm higher than all the others. Then exactly the same procedure is repeated as when preparing a reinforced foundation, with the only difference that reinforcement or mesh should not be spared.

Useful advice! The gap between the foundations of the house and the porch should be laid with mineral wool. This will create a so-called deformation seam.

You can immediately prepare a complete formwork for each stage – thus, less time will be spent on work. But it will be much easier and more reliable to fill the steps with concrete in turn and let the solution in the previous one set before the next stage is installed.

Then the finished frozen structure should be leveled and covered with non-slip tiles for the porch or facing stone.

Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of various designs

Finished concrete steps can be faced with stone

The total time spent on the work depends on whether the complete formwork was used and whether all the steps were formed at once or each step was made separately, in turn. In the first case, it will take 7-10 days, and in the second – a day of work and a week to solidify concrete for each step.

Крыльцо к дому своими руками: проекты, фото различных конструкций

Each step is concreted at a time, without interruptions

Brick or stone porch

Perhaps, the device of a brick or stone porch is the most time–consuming option. Because it’s one thing to lay a brick foundation, where accuracy is almost not required, and another thing is to lay out a brick or stone perfectly flat.

Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of various designs

Examples of porch design for a private house

A good bricklayer puts a brick only if there are still assistants who will interfere with the concrete and bring it in time. With a stone, everything is even more difficult, since the chipped edges never fit together. So if there is no experience and a couple of people for auxiliary work, then it is better to forget about a stone or brick porch right away, so as not to waste material and time.

Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of various designs

Concrete steps go well with wooden flooring

It is much easier to build a concrete staircase and choose a tile for the steps, a facing brick or a stone of the closest possible size for the porch. Then it is easy and quick to overlay the already finished smooth concrete “frame” with one layer of brickwork or stone. This method is good because in case of an error, it will not be difficult to chip off the lining of the unsuccessful area and finish it again.

Visor over the porch

The visor is not only the protection of the stairs and its platform from atmospheric precipitation, but also a way to design a porch for a summer cottage with your own hands quickly and beautifully. Photos of a wide variety of canopies and canopies can be found both on the Internet and in special magazines on suburban construction.

Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of various designs

Examples of the arrangement of modern canopies over the porch

Usually the visor is made of metal pipes, beams of coniferous trees for the frame and metal, any wood and plexiglass for cladding.

Wooden canopies must be tinted or treated with special compounds every 2-3 years, otherwise the tree will crack and begin to split longitudinally, and it is better to make plexiglass planes with spans of no more than 0.7 m2 of “semimillimeter”. It is not recommended to use glass – it can crack under heavy snow cover in winter or from deformation of wooden frames.

Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of various designs

Wooden visor is one of the most popular solutions in construction

The area of the visor should be at least half a meter larger than the area of the porch, otherwise the visor will not fulfill its main protective function.

The fastest and easiest option is to make a kind of metal ladder, only the distance between the steps can be 0.5 m, and L–shaped parts will not be needed. The channel is also not needed, since the load on the visor is less – you can do with a corner for the outer frame. In fact, instead of “filling” in the form of wood or granite, you can use any material.

In the description of the foundation pouring, it was mentioned that the piles for the visor can be easily installed even during the formation of the foundation. Here it is best to put a visor on them. In addition, this will make it possible in the future to make a closed glazed veranda in just a couple of days.

As a coating, you can use a metal sheet on which tiles are placed, but plexiglass or polycarbonate will look more spectacular.

Useful advice! To protect against rust, the metal sheet covering the visor must be covered with 2-3 layers of paint.

The visor must be made pitched, and in the lower edge of the ramp, weld a metal gutter with a slight slope. To prevent water from splashing in the rain, you should attach an ordinary chain almost to the ground to the end of the gutter. Water, in addition to fluidity, also has a viscosity with a surface tension, so that it will gradually flow down the chain. And on the ground under the drain point, you can make drainage and get rid of possible puddles in front of the porch.

Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of various designs

The project of arrangement of the visor built into the roof of the house

Glazed or closed porch to the house with your own hands

A popular solution is a closed porch to the house with your own hands. Photos of projects of transparent, flying structures “made of glass and metal” look so attractive that they cause an understandable desire to create something similar in your own yard.

Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of various designs

A glazed porch is especially important for a cold climate

A variant of a glazed porch is usually a concrete or stone foundation with a staircase and a canopy, necessarily resting on piles.

With the help of corners with a length of height, the piles for the visor form a frame. At the same time, the corners are welded to piles and wooden double frames are inserted with rubber-lined glass laid between them.

Крыльцо к дому своими руками: проекты, фото различных конструкций

The open porch of a private house is made of wood

Useful advice! The height of the glass sheet can be any, but it is not recommended to make the width more than 120 cm, since the windage of such a sheet of glass is so high that a gust of wind of 30 m / sec can break a sheet with a thickness of 5 mm.

If the gaps between the piles are more than a meter, then it is better to break them with pseudo-piles. To do this, a corner is welded at the bottom and top with a step inside to the ends of the piles, and a double corner is formed between them, forming a pseudo-pile. In the same way, you can divide the height by forming a horizontal beam from two double corners. The load on the glass sheet will decrease, and the structure will still look light and transparent.

Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of various designs

An excellent solution for porch lighting is LED lighting of the steps

So, no special skills are required to solve the problem of how to build a porch to a house made of wood, metal, concrete and other materials with your own hands. All operations are basic for construction and are quite capable for skilled hands.

When seeking superior quality staircase railings for your home or business, look no further than Luxury Staircase Railings. With our exceptional range of railings and railing systems, we provide the perfect blend of functionality and style to suit your needs.

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Porch to the house with your own hands: projects, photos of various designs

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