Awnings and awnings for terraces and verandas: an elegant home decoration
Awnings and awnings for terraces and verandas are an opportunity to give the building a noble look and at the same time rationally use the adjacent territory. Depending on the wishes and financial capabilities of the owners of the house, there are many different options for arranging a canopy and awning for the terrace and veranda. Let’s consider all possible design options, their advantages, disadvantages and features.
- 1 Awnings and awnings for terraces and verandas: design features
- 2 Awnings for the veranda – the choice of material
- 3 Types of awnings and awnings for terraces and verandas
- 3.1 Awnings for terraces and verandas
- 3.2 Types of awning designs
- 3.3 Awning management mechanisms
- 3.4 Proper care of the awning
- 4 Creating a step-by-step awning with your own hands
Awnings and awnings for terraces and verandas: design features
Today, the word “marquise” has a much broader concept than a few years ago. Retractable fabric structures and vertical frameless partitions, designed to protect their owner from strong wind and sunlight, now also began to be called this term. Due to its wide functional range, as well as the ability to significantly decorate the house territory, these automated canopies have gained wide popularity among the owners of country houses.
What is the difference between our usual awning and awning? While a conventional canopy has a rigid, fixed, fixed frame, the opening level of the awning can be adjusted at will. Let’s consider what features should be taken into account if you decide to mount the structure yourself:
- the awning is attached to the wall of the building with one side;
- it does not require dismantling of the system to fold or twist it;
- the functions of the finished system are fully automated.
Awnings for the veranda – the choice of material
The most common material used for the manufacture of awnings and awnings is acrylic canvas. With excellent water-repellent, wind-resistant and anti-glare characteristics, this fabric has an aesthetic and elegant appearance. In addition, the temperature range allowed for the use of acrylic is very wide.
Polyester fabric is also a very common material for creating awnings and awnings due to its cost and characteristics. This fabric has increased strength due to polyurethane impregnation. Because of this, it is often used for car and parking awnings.
PVC has a high strength, so that the passage of snow or water is excluded. At the same time, the canopy will not sag under the weight of accumulated precipitation on it. The range of permissible temperatures of use is very wide – from -30 to 50 ° C.
To improve the quality characteristics of the PVC fabric used for covering awnings, it is treated with specialized impregnations:
- teflon coating improves moisture-repellent properties, while creating a protective layer on the fabric from dirt and UV rays. The Teflon-impregnated material will not stretch over time, will not break and will not crumple.
- the antiseptic coating makes the fabric more durable, preventing the formation of mold and various kinds of fungi on the surface;
- UV filters are designed to provide vacationers with maximum comfort in sunny weather, giving the fabric anti-reflective properties.
Varieties of awnings and awnings for terraces and verandas
Awnings and awnings for terraces and verandas are different and, depending on the mechanism of construction, the method of management and the intended purpose, they are divided into several groups.
Awnings for terraces and verandas
One of the options for the design and protection of the terrace from wind and rain are canopies. Depending on the shape of the structure and appearance, they can be divided into the following types: attached and detached.
Attached canopies are mounted close to the building, thus forming a space closely closed on one side. This option is most often used to create a terrace near the entrance to the house.
Free–standing canopies are essentially just a roof standing on several supports, they are often used to create a parking space for a car.
In shape, canopies distinguish straight, inclined and complex canopies. The first option is the simplest and cheapest, it is a single plane fixed on supports. The second design is more difficult to manufacture and install, but it allows rainwater or melting snow to drain without accumulating on the roof. Complex structures have a curved shape and are used to create an unusual exterior on the site.
Almost anything can serve as a material for making a canopy. The main thing is that its characteristics ensure the stability of the roof to the effects of external conditions. The most common options are:
- profiled flooring;
The frame can be made of wood, metal, concrete and even brick and stone.
Making a canopy with your own hands is quite simple. And profiled flooring is the most suitable option for this. This popular material is easy to buy in the store and working with it does not require special skills and equipment. The installation of the canopy takes place in several stages:
- the points of support are determined, and pits 50-60 cm deep are dug in these places;
- install vertical supports and fill them with concrete;
- after about a week, when the concrete hardens, horizontal beams are mounted;
- a crate of pipes is attached to the horizontal beams, which will hold the sheets of profiled flooring;
- with the help of self-tapping screws, the profiled flooring is laid on a crate.
Awnings in the courtyard of a private house: photos of light and elegant structures. Forms and construction of canopies. Photos of carports for cars. Canopy made of profile pipe. Profiled flooring for covering canopies.
Thus, with minimal effort and money, you can equip a canopy with your own hands that will protect you from the sun, rain and snow on your site.
Types of awning designs
Depending on the intended purpose, there are showcase (window), greenhouse (balcony), pergola and vertical awnings. Let’s look at each type of canopy in more detail.
The showcase (window) awning is an external curtain located vertically. It is designed to protect the room from direct sunlight. Externally, it is a vertical canvas with a visor in the upper part of the structure, which allows you to move the vertical of the canvas away from the window frames. There are options without a visor.
The amount of penetrating sunlight is easily adjusted by opening or closing the hinged structure. The design of such awnings is basically standard and consists of support brackets located in the middle of the height of the window opening. The distance from the awning to the slopes is on average 10-15 cm. This is done so that in the open form the canvas protrudes from the wall at a distance of 60-100 cm.
Awnings for terraces have a different design primarily because of their size and sailability. Not infrequently they are called elbow awnings, since in this case there is no way to do without a rigid structure in the form of a beam that is attached to the wall. Due to its size, such an awning has to experience significant bending loads. In order for the rigid frame to withstand all this, bearings are additionally used in the creation of the structure.
Depending on the desire, using a variety of materials and racks of various designs, you can create summer gazebos, rotundas or belvedere, which will become real masterpieces of landscape architecture.
Greenhouse (balcony) awnings are constructions of two or three sections that create a “broken” roof with a visor. To control the ingress of sunlight, a special longitudinal beam is used, located in the middle of the departure. With its help, the awning and the visor can be raised and lowered.
Pergola awnings are used to create summer canopies near the house, outdoor verandas, pergolas, rotundas, patios and other most popular types of mobile suburban architecture. The peculiarity of this design is the presence of additional two or more supports designed to increase the strength of the structure and increase its quality characteristics when exposed to wind load.
Vertical awnings are a simple construction, which is a vertical wall. They are used to create mobile gazebos, as well as for fencing pergolas.
Awning management mechanisms
Depending on the mechanism of the design, the following types of awnings are distinguished: basket, lever-roll and awning.
The lever-roll mechanism is equipped with two brackets that fold. According to the principle of the device, they resemble hands that unwrap a cloth wound on a special shaft. Rotating, the mechanism dissolves the awning and opens the awning.
A basket mechanism, or as it is also called a dome, is a structure consisting of several arcs that perform a supporting function. The shape of the arc can be any: round, oval, rectangular. They can have any height and length, but they are all united by a common axis of rotation. Such a system is formed with the help of a lacing mechanism – all the arcs are connected by a special cord, which is fixed at the very bottom. Thus, by pulling the cord, the awning can be assembled, and if the cord is dissolved, the structure will open.
Awning is a mechanism designed to ensure maximum stability of extended structures to strong winds. Its design consists of two parts: the upper one, on which the canvas is positioned vertically, and the lower one, on which the awning forms a visor. The ratio of the parts of the structure is easily adjusted manually.
Depending on the way the awning is managed, the following options can be distinguished:
- manual drive;
- electric drive;
- on remote control.
Useful advice! Remote controls with various sensors have been developed especially for comfort lovers. This way you can control the position of the awning, taking into account the strength of the wind and the intensity of the sun’s rays.
Proper care of the marquise
In order for your awning to last you as long as possible, it is recommended that you follow the following operating rules:
- in cold weather, when the awning is not in demand, it is recommended to “preserve” the structure with a specially designed cover, or contact specialists to dismantle the structure in integrity and safety;
- at least once a year, it is necessary to carry out maintenance of the structure: change the lubricant (especially for retractable awnings) and adjust all elements of the product;
- it is forbidden to hang various kinds of objects on the awning that can harm or provoke the fall of the structure or its parts;
- if your awning model does not have a sensor that regulates the strength of the wind and, according to the conditions, collapses the canvas, then constant supervision is required for the design. So, when leaving home for a long time, it is necessary to roll up the awning so that it is not blown off by the wind during your absence.
Useful advice! It is strongly not recommended to try to disassemble the structure yourself. It is based on powerful springs, which, if handled carelessly, can cause serious injuries.
Creating a step-by-step awning with your own hands
Like any other simple construction of this type, the awning can be made independently. To do this, you will need to allocate a few hours of free time, purchase the components and, of course, have a set of necessary tools with you. Consider the step-by-step instructions for installing a conventional window awning:
- first of all, it is necessary to make a schematic drawing of the future awning, taking into account its dimensions, the height from the floor to the lower and upper points of the canopy canvas, the width of the awning and the size of its extension from the wall;
- according to the drawing, purchase the material for the canopy. For independent work, the best option is acrylic fabric. In addition, it has all the necessary technical characteristics;
- choose and purchase the material from which the frame will be made. Aluminum pipes are the undisputed leader here, as they are very light, but at the same time strong enough to withstand the load created by the awning, and do not corrode. Although it is not uncommon to find frames made of enameled steel tubes;
- to purchase a folding mechanism and connect it with a frame and a canvas is the best solution to all functional problems;
- after all the components are purchased, you can proceed with installation. According to the scheme, the frame is assembled and the fabric is cut out. The folding mechanism is attached to the wall and synchronized with the frame and canvas.
Thus, if you use a ready-made folding mechanism, you can make the awning yourself quite easily. On average, it takes from 6 to 8 hours.
The frame for the awning can be not only metal, but also wooden. In this case, a bar is used, which is treated with a special antiseptic. It reduces the level of destructive impact of external factors. Then the tree must be painted or opened with ship varnish. However, even if these conditions are met, the wooden frame cannot be called very durable. Anyway, the tree is prone to drying out and moisture absorption. And insects, despite all preventive measures, can cause significant damage to the material.
Awnings and awnings for cottages are not only a wonderful decoration of your plot, but also an opportunity to usefully use the territory adjacent to the house. No matter how big your financial possibilities are, the price of the awning for the terrace and veranda will please you in any case. By creating or choosing ready-made unusual designs, you can give your possessions an original appearance and completely new functional qualities.
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